THE CONTRIBUTIONS OF INSURANCE INDUSTRY TO GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT (GDP) IN NIGERIA (1985 – 2010)
This work examined the contributions of the insurance industry to the gross domestic product (GDP) in Nigeria. Data for the study were basically through the secondary process, extracted from journals, newspapers, internet, magazines, textbooks, CBN statistical Bulletin and Statement of Account etc. The Ordinary Least Square technique was used to test the validity of the hypotheses stated in the study. The research revealed that insurance industry through her routine activities has contributed significantly to economic growth of Nigeria. Through the signs from a priori expectation, it revealed a positive linear relationship between insurance contributions with gross domestic product (GDP) in Nigeria. However, the study revealed a negative relationship between total investments of insurance industry to gross domestic product. This is due the negligence of investment in the industry. Furthermore, the study exposed that neglect of laws governing insurance practise in Nigeria, poor accounting practice, poor claims settlement, failed public image, negligence of investment, low awareness of insurance etc as the major problems of the industry. The researcher recommended an increased supervisory role of NAICOM (National insurance commission), prompt payment of premiums, effective utilisation of insurance funds, research, improved public awareness through adverts and campaigns as possible solutions to the challenges facing the industry.
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