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ASSESSING THE VERB AS A FUNDAMENTAL ELEMENT IN ENGLISH

ASSESSING THE VERB AS A FUNDAMENTAL ELEMENT IN ENGLISH

 

Table of Contents

Title Page - - - - - - - - - - i

Approval Page - - - - - - - - - ii

Dedication - - - - - - - - - - iii

Acknowledgement - - - - - - - - - iv

Table of Contents - - - - - - - - - v

Abstract - - - - - - - - - - - ix

 

Chapter One

1 Introduction

1.1 Background of the Study - - - - - - - 1

1.2 Statement of the Problems - - - - - - - 7

1.3 Purpose of the Study - - - - - - - 7

1.4 Research Questions - - - - - - - - 8

1.5 Significance of the Study - - - - - - - 8

1.6 The Scope of the Study - - - - - - - 9

1.7 Research Methodology - - - - - - - 9

1.8 Analysis of the Findings - - - - - - - 9

1.9 Organizational Structure - - - - - - - 10

 

II Literature Review 11

2.1 The Concept of Verb - - - - - - - 11

2.2 Characteristics of Verbs - - - - - - - 14

2.3 Categories/Classification of Verbs - - - - - - 15

2.3.1Finite Forms of Verbs - - - - - - - 17

2.3.2Auxiliary Verbs - - - - - - - - 20

2.3.3Non-Finite Forms of the Verb - - - - - - 21

2.4 Features of Verbs - - - - - - - - 23

2.4.1First Type - - - - - - - - - 24

2.4.2Second Type - - - - - - - - - 25

2.4.3Third Type - - - - - - - - - 26

2.5 The Role of the Verb in the Formation of Meaningful Expressions - 27

2.6 Summary - - - - - - - - - - 28

 

III The Roles of Other Syntactic Elements Vis-à-vis the English Verb 29

3.1 Introduction - - - - - - - - - - 29

3.2.1The Noun and the Verb – Structural Relationship - - - - 29

3.2.2The Noun and the Verb – Morphological Relation - - - - 31

3.2.3The Noun and the Verb – Relationship of Complement - - - - 32

3.2.4The Noun and the Verb – The Semantic Relationship - - - - 34

3.3.1The Verb and the Adjective – Structural Relationship - - - - 35

3.3.2The Verb and the Adjective – Complement Relationship - - - 36

3.3.3The Semantic Relationship between the Verb and the Adjective - - 37

3.4.1The Verb and the Adverb – Structural Relationship - - - - 38

3.4.2The Semantic Relationship between the Verb and the Adverb- - - 40

3.5.1The Verb and the Prepositional Phrase – Structural,

Complementary and Semantic Relationships - - - - - 41

3.6 The Implications of these Relationships - - - - - - 42

3.7 Verbless Clauses - - - - - - - - - 43

3.8 Conclusion - - - - - - - - - - 45

IV Analysis of the Findings 46

4.1 The Verb and Sentence Completion - - - - - - 46

4.2 The Verb and Well-formedness - - - - - - - 47

4.3 The Verb and Ill-formedness - - - - - - - 49

4.4 The Verb and Alternative Structures - - - - - - 51

4.5 The Verb and the Verbless Expressions - - - - - - 54

4.6 The Verb and Category Change - - - - - - - 55

4.7 Summary - - - - - - - - - - 59

V Summary 60

5.1 Summary - - - - - - - - - - 60

5.2 Recommendations/Suggestions - - - - - - - 63

Works Cited - - - - - - - - - - 65

 

Abstract

This study assesses the verb as a fundamental element of English. Among the

linguistic elements, the verb stands out not only as a ubiquitous, dynamic element,

but as the most important of the syntactic elements. This superlative description of

the verb is evident on its indispensability in projecting meanings in any expression.

Other elements, no doubt, contribute to complete expression, but none can stand

alone and make complete utterance structurally and semantically. The verb as the

heart and life of expressions expresses action/deed of the nominal, state of the

nominal, events about the nominal, behaviours no other elements in their

morphological changes can supersede. It is the fundamental nature of this unique

element that this paper addresses in order to, recommend further research on the

other elements to ascertain possibly, their essential contributions to sentence

formation which might result in one or all these elements substituting the verb in

its indispensability. In arriving at the unparalled functions of the verb, materials

from the libraries and internet were examined. These sources provided the data

which furnished the work with the fact needed in ascertaining the verb as an

indispensable element for sentence completion, well-formedness, semantic

projection and category changing. This changing or functional shifting aids the

noun and the adjective in taking care of situations incapable of being represented

by these elements.


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