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ARISTOTELIAN CONCEPT OF GOOD GOVERNMENT

ARISTOTELIAN CONCEPT OF GOOD GOVERNMENT

 

ABSTRACT

Albert Einstein, in a letter to a Rumanian friend Maurice Solvine from Princeton U S A  on April 10, 1938, says: “A fashion rule each age, without most people being able to see the tyrants that rule them” Although man as Aristotle opines is a political animal who desires and longs to live in a community with his species, he is the best of all the animals that rule and guided by laws  In the same vein, man could be the worst of all animals when there is anarchy  It is in the light of this that Aristotle opts for a government that would be beneficial to the people  The researcher would make an attempt to explain what a good government is, according to Aristotle, and also analyze them in the light of the Nigerian situation 

The question: Who should rule? For what purpose? And what is the best form of government are fundamental questions in Aristotle’s concept of good government that this thesis intends to answer 

 

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

TITLE PAGE……………… ………………………………   ………  ……i

CERTIFICATION                                                                            ii

APPROVAL…………………………………………………………  ……   ……   iii

DEDICATION                                                                                iv

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS                                                                 v

ABSTRACT                                                                                   vi

TABLE OF CONTENTS                                                                  vii

 

CHAPTER ONE                                                                              1

1  GENERAL INTRODUCTION                                                            1

1 1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY                                                1

1 2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM                                              2

1 3 PURPOSE OF STUDY                                                                   5

1 4 SIGNIFICANCE OF STUDY                                                          5

1 5 SCOPE OF STUDY                                                                         6

1 6 METHODOLOGY                                                                            6

1 7 LIFE AND WORKS OF ARISTOTLE                                           8

1 8 INFLUENCE ON ARISTOTLE                                                    10

END NOTES                                                                                12

 

CHAPTER TWO                                                                          13

2 1 LITERATURE REVIEW                                                               13

ENDNOTES                                                                                 30

 

CHAPTER THREE                                                                      32

3  NATURE OF GOVERNMENT                                                        32

3 1 ETYMOLOGICAL MEANING OF GOVERNMENT                 32

3 2 ARMS OF GOVERNMENT                                                          35

3 2 1 LEGISLATURE                                                                         36

3 2 2 EXECUTIVE                                                                              37

3 2 3 JUDICIARY                                                                               39

3 3 ORIGIN OF GOVERNMENT                                                       40

3 4 THE ESSENCE OF GOVERNMENT                                        43

3 5 PURPOSE OF GOVERNMENT                                                  45

END NOTES                                                                                47

 

CHAPTER FOUR                                                                        50

4  ARISTOTLE’S CONCEPT OF GOOD GOVERNMENT             50

4 1 THE NATURE OF GOVERNMENT IN ARISTOTLE              50

4 2 KINDS OF GOVERNMENT IN ARISTOTLE                            52

4 2 1 MONARCHY                                                                               52

4 2 2 ARISTOCRACY                                                                         55

4 2 3 DEMOCRACY…… …………  …………………………………… 57

4 3 ARISTOTLE’S CONCEPT OF GOOD GOVERNMENT         60

4 4 COMPOSITION OF GOVERNMENT                                            62

END NOTES                                                                                66

 

CHAPTER FIVE                                                                          69

5  EVALUATION AND CONCLUSION                                              69

5 1 APPLICATION OF ARISTOTLE’S GOOD GOVERNMENT

TO THE NIGERIAN EXPERIENCE                                                     69

5 2 FORMS OF GOVERNMENT IN NIGERIAN POLITICAL

HISTORY                                                                                                   70

5 3 CRITIQUE OF ARISTOTLE’S CONCEPT OF GOOD

GOVERNMENT                                                                                        83

5 4 CONCLUSION                                                                               86

END NOTES

BIBLIOGRAPHY                              

 

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

TITLE PAGE……………….………………………………...………..……i

CERTIFICATION .......................................................................... ii

APPROVAL…………………………………………………………..……...……...iii

DEDICATION .............................................................................. iv

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS ............................................................... v

ABSTRACT ................................................................................. vi

TABLE OF CONTENTS ............................................................... vii

CHAPTER ONE ............................................................................ 1

1. GENERAL INTRODUCTION .......................................................... 1

1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY .............................................. 1

1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM ............................................ 2

1.3 PURPOSE OF STUDY ................................................................. 5

1.4 SIGNIFICANCE OF STUDY ........................................................ 5

1.5 SCOPE OF STUDY ....................................................................... 6

1.6 METHODOLOGY .......................................................................... 6

1.7 LIFE AND WORKS OF ARISTOTLE ......................................... 8

1.8 INFLUENCE ON ARISTOTLE .................................................. 10

END NOTES .............................................................................. 12

CHAPTER TWO ........................................................................ 13

2.1 LITERATURE REVIEW.............................................................. 13

ENDNOTES ............................................................................... 30

CHAPTER THREE .................................................................... 32

3. NATURE OF GOVERNMENT ...................................................... 32

viii

3.1 ETYMOLOGICAL MEANING OF GOVERNMENT ............... 32

3.2 ARMS OF GOVERNMENT ........................................................ 35

3.2.1 LEGISLATURE ....................................................................... 36

3.2.2 EXECUTIVE ............................................................................ 37

3.2.3 JUDICIARY ............................................................................. 39

3.3 ORIGIN OF GOVERNMENT ..................................................... 40

3.4 THE ESSENCE OF GOVERNMENT ...................................... 43

3.5 PURPOSE OF GOVERNMENT ................................................ 45

END NOTES .............................................................................. 47

CHAPTER FOUR ...................................................................... 50

4. ARISTOTLE’S CONCEPT OF GOOD GOVERNMENT ........... 50

4.1 THE NATURE OF GOVERNMENT IN ARISTOTLE ............ 50

4.2 KINDS OF GOVERNMENT IN ARISTOTLE .......................... 52

4.2.1 MONARCHY ............................................................................. 52

4.2.2 ARISTOCRACY ....................................................................... 55

4.2.3 DEMOCRACY…….…………..…………………………………….57

4.3 ARISTOTLE’S CONCEPT OF GOOD GOVERNMENT ....... 60

4.4 COMPOSITION OF GOVERNMENT .......................................... 62

END NOTES .............................................................................. 66

CHAPTER FIVE ........................................................................ 69

5. EVALUATION AND CONCLUSION ............................................ 69

5.1 APPLICATION OF ARISTOTLE’S GOOD GOVERNMENT

TO THE NIGERIAN EXPERIENCE.................................................... 69

ix

5.2 FORMS OF GOVERNMENT IN NIGERIAN POLITICAL

HISTORY ................................................................................................. 70

5.3 CRITIQUE OF ARISTOTLE’S CONCEPT OF GOOD

GOVERNMENT ...................................................................................... 83

5.4 CONCLUSION ............................................................................. 86

END NOTES .............................................................................. 89

BIBLIOGRAPHY ........................................................................ 9


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