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STATUS OF ENTREPRENEURSHIP EDUCATION IN SOUTHSOUTH NIGERIAN TERTIARY INSTITUTIONS AS PERCEIVED BY LECTURERS

STATUS OF ENTREPRENEURSHIP EDUCATION IN SOUTHSOUTH NIGERIAN TERTIARY INSTITUTIONS AS PERCEIVED BY LECTURERS

 

Abstract

This study investigated the status of entrepreneurship education in relation to the course contents and mode of delivering in South-South Nigerian tertiary institutions. The study population comprised all the 215 entrepreneurship education lecturers in the target institutions (universities, polytechnics and colleges of education) as at March 2012. No sampling was done because the population size was manageable. Five research questions guided the study while five null hypotheses were formulated and tested at 0.05 level of significance. The survey research design was adopted for the study and a 60-item structured questionnaire was used as instrument for data collection. The instrument was validated by four experts and tested for its reliability using Cronbach Apha and a reliability value of 0.87 was obtained. Copies of the instrument were administered on 215 entrepreneurship education lecturers and 200 copies were recovered representing about 92.7 percent. The data collected were analysed using descriptive statistics of mean and standard deviation to answer the research questions and determine the homogeneity of respondents’ opinions. The null hypotheses were tested using inferential statistics of Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) and Z-Score. The findings revealed that respondents agreed that entrepreneurship education course contents are appropriate for preparing graduates to participate effectively in the world of work but the time and resources are found to be inadequately provided while the lecturers mostly used the orthodox lecture method. Consequently, teaching the course is theory-based at the expense of practical training. Strategies such as academic-industrial synergy, predictive expectancy; a motivational strategy, lecturer’s collegiality, follow-up service, consistent internal monitoring and evaluation were seen to be relevant to enhance effective delivering of the course contents. The respondents did not differ significantly in their opinions in all the null hypotheses tested. Therefore, it was recommended, among others, that authorities of tertiary institutions should make conscious effort to engage in symbiotic relationship between institutions and industries (formal or informal) within their localities in order to use their facilities/equipments for students’ effective practical training throughout their academic programme. It was also recommended that the status of entrepreneurship education should continuously be analysed to ensure focus for appropriate action towards the effective delivering of the course contents to guarantee quality assurance that could boost employment generation.

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

TITLE PAGE II

APPROVAL III

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT IV

ABSTRACT VII

TABLE OF CONTENTS VIII

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS XI

LIST OF APPENDICES XII

CERTIFICATION XIII

DEDICATION XIV

 

CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION 1

Background to the Study 1

Statement of Problem 8

Purpose of the Study 10

Research Questions 11

Hypotheses 12

Significance of the Study 13

Scope of the Study 15

 

CHAPTER TWO: REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE 17

Conceptual Framework 18

Concept of Entrepreneurship 18

Concept of Entrepreneurship Education 20

Theoretical Framework 23

Theories of Entrepreneurship 23

Theoretical Studies 30

Entrepreneurship and Business Education 30

Relevance of Entrepreneurship to National Economic

Development 32

Entrepreneurial Skills Required For Employment

(Self or Paid) 55

Status of Entrepreneurship Education Curriculum

Adequacy in the Tertiary Institutions 59

Status of Resources for Entrepreneurship Education

Course Content Delivering 73

Status of Entrepreneurship Instructional Delivering 77

Ways to Enhance Entrepreneurship Education 86

Constraints to Effective Entrepreneurship Course

Content Delivery 104

Review of Related Empirical Studies 116

Summary of Literature Reviewed 123

 

CHAPTER THREE: METHOD 127

Design of the Study 127

Area of the Study 128

Population of the Study 128

Sample and Sampling Techniques 129

Instrument for Data Collection 129

Validation of the Instrument 131

Reliability of the Instrument 131

Method of Data Collection 132

Method of Data Analysis 132

 

CHAPTER FOUR: PRESENTATION AND ANALYSIS OF DATA 134

Preliminary Information 134

Statistical Answering of Research Questions 136

Research Question 1 136

Research Question 2 138

Research Question 3 141

Research Question 4 143

Research Question 5 146

Statistical Test of the Null Hypotheses 148

Null Hypothesis 1 148

Null Hypothesis 2 150

Null Hypothesis 3 151

Null Hypothesis 4 152

Null Hypothesis 5 154

Summary of Findings 155

 

CHAPTER FIVE: DISCUSSION OF RESULTS, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS 158

Discussion of Results 158

Conclusions 168

Implications of the Study 169

Recommendations 170

Limitations of the Study 172

Suggestions for Further Research 173

REFERENCES 174

APPENDICES 186


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