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INJURY PATTERN AMONG PROFESSIONAL FOOTBALLERS DURING THE 2011/2012 NIGERIAN PREMIER LEAGUE (NPL)

INJURY PATTERN AMONG PROFESSIONAL FOOTBALLERS DURING THE 2011/2012 NIGERIAN PREMIER LEAGUE (NPL)

 

ABSTRACT

Football is the most popular sporting event in the world The increase in the popularity of the game and the expectations from players make injury risk in football high This study specifically described the injury patterns among professional footballers during the 2011/2012 Nigerian Premier League (NPL) Two hundred and forty footballers from 11 clubs that participated in the 2011/2012 NPL premiership season were selected through proportionate stratified random sampling technique and were prospectively studied for 6 months The Union of European Football Association (UEFA) Injury Report Forms were used for data collection Descriptive statistics of mean, percentages, and frequency distributions were used to answer the research questions, while chi-square (X2) was used to test the hypotheses at 005 alpha level The mean age, height and weight of the injured footballers were 2294338 years, 169005 meters and 7129389kg respectively The study found a high injury prevalence (779%) which was associated with actual league games Sprain (321%) was the predominant type of injury recorded Most of the injuries (631%) led to 1-3 days of players’ absence from football activities Tackling/being tackled (337%) was the predominant mechanism of injury recorded while 361% of the injuries were re-injuries

Types of injury were significantly associated to the footballers’ roles/positions of play (X2 = 66248, p = 0004) and types of training/match (X2 = 174762, p = 0000) respectively No significant association however exists among severity of injuries; mechanisms of injury; incidences of re-injury and types of surface at injury Mechanisms of injury and incidences of re-injury were also not significantly associated to types of training/match and footballers’ BMI This study has highlighted the need for the league organizers to continually emphasize the principle of fair play among NPL players prior to the commencement of league games Team education on injury preventive measures should be ongoing

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Page

Title page i

Certification page ii

Approval of Dissertation iii

Dedication iv

Acknowledgements v

Table of Content vi

List of Tables ix

List of Figures x

Abstract xi

 

CHAPTER ONE – INTRODUCTION 1

11 Background to the Study 1

12 Statement of the Problem 5

13 Aims and objectives of the study 5

14 Research Questions 6

15 Research Hypotheses 6

16 Delimitations of the Study 7

17 Limitations of the Study 7

18 Significance of the Study 8

19 Definition of terms, acronyms and abbreviations 9

 

CHAPTER TWO - LITERATURE REVIEW 10

21 Conceptual Framework for Sports Injuries 10

22 Theoretical Framework for Sports Injuries 12

221 Mechanisms of Injuries in Sports 14

222 Factors Influencing Injuries in Sports 15

223 UEFA Champions League Injury Study Model 20

23 Review of Empirical Literatures 21

24 Summary of Literature Review 31

 

CHAPTER THREE - METHODOLOGY 33

31 Research Design 33

32 Population/subject selection 33

33 Sample Size 33

34 Sampling Techniques 34

35 Instrument for Data Collection 36

36 Ethical approval 36

37 Methods/Procedure of Data Collection 36

38 Method of Data Analysis 37

 

CHAPTER FOUR – RESULTS AND DISCUSSION 38

41 Anthropometric characteristics of injured players 38

42 Prevalence rate of injuries and the distribution of injuries among the professional footballers by predominant injury types, injury mechanisms and referees’ sanctions 38

43 Distribution of injuries among the professional footballers by types of training or match where injury occurred, and footballers’ role/position of play 39

44 Distribution of injuries among the professional footballers by severities, types of surface where injury occurred and re-injuries 39

45 Hypotheses Testing 50

46 Discussion 51

 

CHAPTER FIVE – SUMMARRY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS 56

51 Summary 56

52 Conclusions 56

53 Recommendations 57

References 58

Appendix 1: UEFA Injury study Declaration of Consent 64

Appendix 2: UEFA Injury Report Form 65

Appendix 3: Ethical Approval 66

Appendix 4: Introduction Letter 67

Appendix 5: Informed Consent 68

Appendix 6: Raw data 69


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