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PRODUCTION AND QUALITY EVALUATION OF BANANA (MUSA SAPIENTUM) WINE

TABLE OF CONTENT

Title page

Dedication

Certification

Acknowledgement

Abstract

List of Tables

List of Figures

Table of Content

CHAPTER ONE

1.0 Introduction

1.1 Objective of the Study

CHAPTER TWO

2.0 Literature Review

2.1 History of Wine making

2.2 Wines of African Origin

2.3 Classification of Wine

2.4 Uses of Wine

2.5 Banana Fruit

2.6 Wine Production

2.6.1 Juice (must) Preparation

2.6.2 Fermentation

2.6.3 Aging

2.6.4 Clarification

2.6.5 Packaging/Bottling

2.7 Quality Evaluation of Wine

2.7.1 Clarity/Appearance

2.7.2 Odor/Smell

2.7.3 Taste

2.7.4 Color

CHAPTER THREE

3.0 Materials and Methods

3.1 Materials

3.2 Methods

3.2.1 Preparation of Juice

3.2.2 Banana Wine Fermentation

3.2.3 Analytical Assay

3.2.3.1 pH Determination

3.2.3.2 Specific Gravity

3.2.3.3 Total Dissolved Solids

3.2.3.4 Total Suspended Solids

3.2.3.5 Titrable Acidity

3.2.3.6 Alcohol Content

3.2.4 Sensory Evaluation

CHAPTER FOUR

4.0 Results

CHAPTER FIVE

5.0 Discussion, Recommendation, Conclusion.

References

Appendix

ABSTRACT

Juice was extracted from banana (Musa sapientum) pulp with the addition of lemon juice and was inoculated with Baker’s yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) and held at 30 for seven days. The result of the yeast count increases at 48hr, and at 96hr the yeast count decreased gradually. It ranges from 4.9x107 cfu/ml at 0hr, 5.1x107 at the 48hr and 4.8x107 cfu/ml at 168hr. The pH of the Banana wine produced at the end of fermentation decreased (2.85) while the titrable acidity of the Banana wine produced increased. The total dissolved solids, total suspended solids decreased with increasing length of fermentation of juice. The alcohol content of the wine increased with 14%. The result obtained from the sensory evaluation by ten panelist shows overall acceptance of the wine produced.

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

Wine is a product of alcoholic fermentation by yeast of the juice of ripe grapes or any fruit with a good proportion of sugar (Brook and Madigan, 2003; Okafor, 2007). Wine is one of the most recognizable high value added products from fruits. It can also be used as a substrate for the manufacture of vinegar, a by-product of wine manufacture.


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