UNEMPLOYMENT PROBLEMS AMONGST GRADUATES OF HIGHER INSTITUTIONS
In this research, it is assumed that unemployment is a factor inherent in the nation’s economic system, first because intentionally or unintentionally the policy-makers do not deliberately resort to measures capable of reducing unemployment to acceptable level. This research is concerned with wages and means of denitrifying the causes and measures of curbing the problem created by unemployment. To do this, this research will specifically investigate the incidence if unemployment among graduates of institution of higher learning in Enugu State and to determine what factors are responsible for or that affect unemployment. The researcher distributed (200) two hundred questionnaires to the respondent and collected (170) one hundred and seventy. Data were collected from unemployed graduates the data extracted from the questionnaire from the validation of research hypothesis were subjected to chi-square test statistics. And at the end of the research work, some possible recommendation where made like, establishment of more industries should be provided in order to absorb our unemployed graduates and conclusion were made in order to tackle the problems of unemployment amongst the graduates of higher institution in Enugu State.
1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
This chapter provides a broad overview of the employment situation in graduate s which is a major concern of government and their social partner throughout the region. The approach is rather general and highlights major issues concerning employment problems and prospects in the region. Because of data limitation, it does not attempt a comprehensive and quantitative analysis of the employment situation. it brings with an examination of the employment problems, including background information on its origin and trends, and then looks at the nature and underlying causes of contemporary unemployment. Unemployment of a large portion of the labor force is a central problem now in almost all the underdeveloped countries.
The phenomenon of chronic unemployment has become the major concern of successive Nigerian government.
Unemployment has thus reached such an alarming situation today that is perhaps considered the most serious of the problem affecting Nigeria and one that is steadily worsening as the gap between the rapid rising member pressing for work and the new employment opportunities being created widens.
In the underdeveloped countries such as Nigeria however employment benefits are not available to the unemployed. the income level of the great majority of families makes the provision of unemployment benefits virtually impossible thus those unable to find jobs or these discharged from their previous employments re left to fend for themselves.
1.2 STATEMENT OF RESEARCH PROBLEMS
Unemployment rates are particularly high among graduate and especially among school leaves, giving rise increasingly to the problems of "educated unemployment". paradoxically, graduate unemployment seems to be correlated with levels of education attained in some cases. This is particularly true for school leavers in, for example, Nigeria where the proportion of the unemployed with secondary education increased from 24 to 51 percent between 1974 and 1985. graduate employment rates are probably 3 - 4 times higher than those of older workers, and in many countries in the region open unemployment among graduate as a group in the labour could be as 40 - 50 percent.
1.3 OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY
Unemployment has become a current and a current universal problem in Nigeria. The impact presently has been felt by 80% of Nigerian's families. The efforts of our government to curb it are inadequate or misdirected, so positive results are not yet in sight.
Unemployment has brought hardship and object poverty to many families. The level of adult dependency has increased, so the rate of saving in our economy is declining. The problem has also led to increase in crime waves and rates. All these could spell doom for the nation. It is deemed fit to embark on this study as a contribution towards the eradication of the problems of unemployment and its accompanying problems and hardship to the individual and in general.
1.4 RESEARCH /QUESTIONS/ HYPTHESIS IN THE (SYSTEM)
The data and information that will be used in conducting this research study will include both primary and secondary data which involves personal observation, book, journals, company, documents, internet downloads and a number of others white ups and presentations which are relevant to this study.
Personal interview will also be carried out with entrepreneurs manage and finance personal in addition to issue questionnaires.
1.5 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
The case study or area where the problem has more impact in view of the problems created by unemployment in Enugu state despite government conscious efforts to create employment opportunities in the country, the interest on this problem is to determine through facts and figure the level of, and trend in unemployment in the country with the view to making lasting policy, recommendations that will ameliorate the problem of unemployment.
1.6 LIMITATIONS OF THE STUDY
The limitation of the study is in Enugu so anything that explains unemployment outside this area will be irrelevant and useless.
1.7 SCOPE OF THE STUDY
The scope of the study is in Enugu and it touches on the various unemployment problems, forms of unemployment. Unemployment has been one of the most persisted and unmanageable problems facing all industrial countries of the world. If not handled adequately, it will not be eliminated. The underlying causes of the serious employment problem in Nigeria are linked both to supply - side factors, which determines the demand for labor through the influence on main economic and labor market trends.
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