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    Masters/Doctorate Research work - One of the most important subjects vital to ESL students’ success in mastering the English language is grammar. The fundamentals of grammar are crucial for achieving fluency in any language, and acquiring the degree of difference between the speaker’s native language (first language or L1) and the language being learned (second language L2). To cover any nuance of English grammatical structure would require a great deal of extensive research, and is beyond the scope of this work. The focus, instead, will be on one aspect of English grammar-word order within the English noun phrase. ...
    Masters/Doctorate Research work - Words are indeed, essential rudiments of every human language. For this reason, words are indispensable in both writing and speaking of the English language. According to Crystal, “a word is a unit of expression which has universal intuitive recognition by native speakers, in both spoken and written language” (521). ...
    Masters/Doctorate Research work - Language occupies an important position in the life of mankind. It is seen as a unifying force among members of a community. Language cannot be dispensed with if human aspirations are to be fully achieved. The word “language” is difficult to pin down in terms of definition. But some definitions will be examined here. ...
    Masters/Doctorate Research work - Linguists, as well as individuals, governments, statesmen and women, have recognized the fact that Nigerian languages have been neglected and marginalized. This neglect has resulted in the loss of status and relevance of the indigenous languages in the socio-economic, political and cultural interaction. They therefore argue that the languages need to be developed and promoted, as it were. ...
    Masters/Doctorate Research work - Morpho-syntax is the branch of linguistics which studies the relationship between morphology and syntax. Morpho-syntactic errors occur when words are brought together arbitrarily, carelessly and ignorantly of morphological and syntactic rules. ...

    THE INFLUENCE OF REINFORCEMENT IN LEARNING ENGLISH AS A SECOND LANGUAGE

    www.brilliantNg.com › THE INFLUENCE OF REINFO…
    Masters/Doctorate Research work - The present form and status of the English language in Nigeria are a result of the contact between English and Nigerian languages in the socio cultural and political situations. The initial contact through trade led to a more formalized relationship during the colonial period and subsequent development were to convert English into a second language with a distinctive Nigerian flavour and to ensure for it a dominant position as the country’s official language. ...
    Masters/Doctorate Research work - Cultural influences on communication are obvious. Different languages or customs can make communication between groups of people both interesting and challenging. Besnier asserts that problems may arise when people from different societies with different norms meet (117). There are values and norms that shape the way the members of a culture communicate. ...
    Masters/Doctorate Research work - The issue of language in multilingual societies such as Nigeria has always been a matter of great concern to scholars. The study of pidgin languages has been undermined in the past by the widely held belief that it has little merit to the society at large and in linguistic studies. These assumptions were based on the presupposition about the features and characteristics which pidgins do not have rather than those that are commonly associated with it. The importance of language to man is inestimable, especially in his daily interactions with his colleague. ...
    Masters/Doctorate Research work - Linguistic sexism and gender stereotyping pose a threat to gender equality. If learners are exposed to sexist linguistic constructions at an early stage in life, it could become institutionalized as a social code. Sexist practices are those practices that contribute to ignoring women, relegating them to a second fiddle role and ascribing demeaning roles to them. ...
    Masters/Doctorate Research work - It may seem unscholarly and unprofessional discussing language attitudes without examining what language is, what attitude is and what language attitude itself is. For this reason, we shall examine the concepts of language, attitude and language attitude. Language, according to Encyclopaedia Britannica is a system of conventional spoken or written symbols by means of which human beings as members of a social group and participants in its culture, express themselves. ...
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