Departments HOSPITALITY & TOURISM ASSESSMENT OF THE SIGNIFICANCE OF CULTURAL TOURISM TO SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT:

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ASSESSMENT OF THE SIGNIFICANCE OF CULTURAL TOURISM TO SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT:
ASSESSMENT OF THE SIGNIFICANCE OF CULTURAL TOURISM TO SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT:

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Certification. ii

Dedication. iii

Acknowledgmentiv

Table of Contents. v

List of Tables. vii

List of Figures. ix

Abstractx

CHAPTER ONE.. 1

1.0 Introduction. 1

1.1 Background to the Study. 1

1.2 Aims and Objectives of the Study. 3

1.3 Research Question. 3

1.4 The Study Area. 4

1.4.1 Location. 5

1.4.2 Vegetation. 6

1.4.3 Cultural Heritage. 7

CHAPTER TWO.. 9

2.0 Literature Review.. 9

2.1 Conceptual Framework. 9

2.2 Literature Review.. 10

2.3 Tourism.. 12

2.4 Culture and Cultural Resources. 13

2.5 Perspectives on Culture and Tourism in Nigeria.14

2.6 Benefits of Cultural Tourism.. 16

2.7 Festival16

2.8 Some festivals in Nigeria.18

2.9 Authenticity of Festivals and Culture in Tourism.. 21

2.10 Hypotheses. 22

CHAPTER THREE.. 23

3.0 Methodology. 23

3.1 Research Design. 23

3.2 Population. 23

3.3 Sampling Procedure. 23

3.4 Administration and Reliability of the Instrument24

3.5 Data Analysis. 24

3.6 Conceptualisation. 24

CHAPTER FOUR.. 26

4.0 Data Analysis and Discussion. 26

4.1 Hypothesis Testing. 50

4.3 Egungun Festival in Ede. 26

4.4 Significance of Egungun Festival28

4.5 Features of Egungun. 29

4.6 Drums of Egungun. 29

4.7 Types of Egungun in Ede. 30

4.8 Pictures of Egungun. 32

4.9 The Festival Period. 36

CHAPTER FIVE.. 52

5.0 Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation. 52

5.1 Summary of Findings. 52

5.2 Conclusion. 52

5.3 Recommendation. 53

References. 54

Appendix. 57

ABSTRACT

The relevance of Egungun festival as part of the culture of the people of Ede town to Tourism development is investigated in this study. Efforts are made to highlight the possible ways Egungun festival can be sustainably developed in the Study Area towards effective sociocultural political and economic growth and better recreational and tourism management. About one hundred questionnaires were distributed randomly within the Study Area. The respondents consist of different categories of people with different backgrounds, occupations and social status. Findings revealed that age, occupation and civilisation has nothing to do with sustainability of Egungun festival, however contemporary religious beliefs determine the level of sustainability. Cultural tourism has great advantages and potentials. Therefore, in order to develop cultural tourism, especially Egungun festival in Ede. It is recommended that the organisers should pay special attention to:

i. Effective enlightenment campaign through Television, newspapers, radios and posters, handbills, etc.

This enlightenment campaign should be so programmed as to be able to gradually educate and change the culturally or religiously biased against Egungun festival.

ii. The coordination and marketing of cultural tourism in the Study Area.


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